Mitsubishi A6M5c Model 52c Zero-Sen

The Zero was certainly the most famous Japanese aircraft of World War II. The late, Model 52c Zero was much improved over the version used at the start of the war.  But it couldn’t compete with more completely modern types in service with the Allies.

 

IMG_8047

After the jump, I’ll look at this late model of the famous fighter.

At the start of the war in the Pacific the Zero came as an ugly surprise to the Allies.  It was fast, well armed, long ranged and highly maneuverable.  But there’s math to aircraft engineering, those strengths brought weaknesses.  The Zero was very lightly built, lacked armor for the pilot and didn’t have self sealing fuel tanks.  Most planes also lacked radios, and many pilots chose to fly without parachutes.  Making the Zero a very dangerous attacker, but fragile.

IMG_8051

As the war progressed, allied pilots learned to use their strengths more effectively.  This generally meant high speed diving attacks and avoiding turning fights.  For the British, this put them in precisely the opposite position they were in against German aircraft.

The Japanese responded by upgrading the Zero.  It got more horsepower, going from about 900 hp to about 1100 hp.  Some pilot armor was added, self sealing fuel tanks installed.  The extra weight cost maneuverability but added to diving speed.  A new wing was designed with a sturdier structure to withstand those higher diving speeds and carry more external stores.  And firepower was increased.  Early models of the Zero had two 7.7 mm machine guns in the nose and two 20 mm cannon in the wings.  This late model 52c had replaced the nose guns with a single 13.2 mm machine gun, and added a similar gun to each wing.  Three heavy machine guns and two light cannon makes for a pretty good punch.

IMG_8046

IMG_8049

If you look closely, you can see a single machine gun in the right hand cowl position. The left side is blank, even though the cowling itself is carried over from previous versions of the Zero and still has a second opening for a non-existent gun.

Unfortunately for the Japanese, allied improvement was far greater.  Early types hadn’t been just upgraded, they’d been replaced by whole new designs. Late war allied designs often had over 2000 hp and were more rugged, more capable and more effective in every way.  Japanese industry couldn’t compete.

Their pilot training suffered an even more catastrophic collapse.  At the start of the war, Japanese pilots were the best and most experienced in the Pacific.  But by war’s end, new Japanese pilots entered combat with maybe 50 flying hours.  While a US Navy rookie might have 500.  Big difference.

IMG_8053

IMG_8048

Nice, compact airframe.

This particular Zero was flown by CPO Tanimizu while based in mainland Japan.  He was an ace and had at least two B-29 kills.

The kit is Hasegawa, the decals are Aeromaster.  I love the Hasegawa Zero kit.  It looks beautiful like a Zero should and goes together easily.  Except for the aileron control rods.  Stupid little parts.  There’s more than a couple of them lost in my model room carpet…

Advertisements

About atcDave

I'm 53 years old and live in Ypsilanti, Michigan. I'm happily married to Jodie. I've been an air traffic controller for 30 years; grew up in the Chicago area, and am still a fanatic for pizza and the Chicago Bears. My main interest is military history, and my related hobbies include scale model building and strategy games.
This entry was posted in Fighter, Japan and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Mitsubishi A6M5c Model 52c Zero-Sen

  1. Pingback: Mitsubishi A6M2 Model 21 Zero | Plane Dave

  2. Pingback: Mitsubishi A6M3 Model 32 Hamp | Plane Dave

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s